Socials 11: Quebec after the Quiet Revolution (The 1970s and 80s)
Today we started by reviewing the Quiet Revolution and the rise of Québecois nationalism and then looked at Ex #3 with a focus on the difference between the violence of the October Crisis of 1970 conducted by the terror group the FLQ and the peacefulness of the political movement known as the Parti Québecois under Réne Levesque. We also watched Trudeau's famous "Just watch me" interview from the steps of Parliament. We discussed the implications of invoking the War Measures Act and the resultant capacity of the police to restrict basic freedoms - especially habeas corpus. After the PQ came to power in 1976, they started along the path towards the 1980 Quebec sovereignty referendum. Prior to the referendum, in 1977, they introduced Bill 101 that extended Bill 22 (that made French the official language in Quebec) so that government workers and courts had to use French, and English was forbidden from outdoor signs. Although this seemed to trample the Charter rights of English Québecers, the PQ invoked the Notwithstanding Clause. Tomorrow we'll finish up with Quebec by looking at the referenda and the question of separation in more detail.