Wednesday, 23 April 2014

Socials 10-3: 1) Recap of early B.C. history and 2) the Cariboo Gold Rush

Today we did a summary of what we've learned about B.C.  I focused on the early history with the European navigators, the financial and political effects of the gold rush, and the reasons for and against BC joining Confederation.  I also took a side track and discussed the idea of balanced budgets and how they affect governments' fiscal planning and our own personal planning.  I even discussed debt, loans and credit because all of these were economic factors at play in BC in the early 1870s when John A. Macdonald came knocking at our door.

Next, we did some quick fact finding about the Cariboo gold rush.  Please post a comment that summarizes 10 bullet point facts: please remember to include your first name (only) so you can get credit for your work.

For homework, I asked that you read pp 220-230 in your text (but only the sections written on a white page - ignore the material written on coloured text boxes).


  1. the cariboo gold rush was the most famous gold rush in BC history
    majority of people came from the California Gold Rush
    discoveries of free gold were made at Williams
    Barkerville had deep rich hillside deposits
    around $50 Million were made
    first discovery of gold were made in 1859 at horsefly river
    actual gold rush began in 1861
    along the Cariboo Road include Clinton, 100 Mile House and Williams Lake
    The American civil started when the cariboo gold rush began this caused less American miners to come up to BC
    old-fields were 400 miles north and east of Yale
    noted by some as the, "Eighth Wonder of the World!"

  2. It was a gold rush in the colony of B.C. (befor B.C. joined canada)

    It started in 1861. In 1865 it was in full swing

    It is called Cariboo because of John “Cariboo” Cameron. He had a claim on Williams Creek.

  3. •2nd Gold rush in North America
    •Miners first went to Victoria to get mining license then set out.
    •Most miners came from San Francisco following the California Gold Rush.
    •Almost nothing to eat because it had to be brought from victoria
    •Miners could make up to $300 in a single day mining
    •1863 over 100 companies claimed just under 4,000,000 dollars of gold.
    •The richest people in Cariboo where the business owners selling to miners.
    •Barkerville was the largest mining town in 1863-1864, with more then 10000 people half being miners
    •Barkerville burned down in 1868 and never regained glory.
    •People came from al over the world to try and mine.

  4. . Gold Rush was in the Colony of British Columbia
    . First Gold discovery was made in 1859 at Horsefly river
    . The Rush began in 1861
    . the miners came first to Victoria to obtain a valid "mining license" which permitted them to prospect for gold
    . Not everyone travelling to the Cariboo came from overseas or the United States
    . Living conditions were rustic. Most miners lived in tents at first, although a log cabin was preferable, especially in the rain and cold.
    . Dozens of creeks in the Cariboo were worked and re-worked for gold over the years.
    . The Cariboo gold rush is BC most famous gold rush
    . The most promising discoveries of free gold were made at Williams, Lightning and Lowhee creeks
    . within 48 hours Billy Barker pulled out over 60oz/1,700g, then worth roughly $1,000.

  5. was in the colony of british columbia
    first gold discovery in 1859
    the actual rush did not begin until 1861
    the cariboo wagon road was so it could be easier for the miners to travel.
    the miners were brought from all over to mine in the gold rush
    you needed blasting powder for tunneling and gold pans for sifting through the river banks
    the cariboo gold rush in bc was the most famous gold rush
    the living conditions were difficult for the miners.
    dozens of creeks in the cariboo were worked and reworked for gold over the years
    The mining communities which sprang up throughout the Cariboo region brought work to those outside the mining industry


  6. *Gold was first discovered in the Fraser River.
    *Some called the gold rush the "new Eldorado"
    *There were steam ships leaving England six times a month for North America.
    * Van Winkle and Richfield were towns formed by miners following the rivers searching for gold
    * The gold rush began in 1861
    * Some gold rich creeks were Williams, Lightening and Lowheed creek.
    *Gold deposits in Barkerville were worked from 1864 to 1930s.
    *Placer god production in the caribou approximated 50 million dollars.
    *A lot of miners came from San fransico

  7. Cariboo Gold Rush

    - Gold rush in the Colony of B.C.

    - Miners came from California to North of Fraser River

    - Many people at the time were illiterate, so it has been hard to document the history

    - People traveled to the gold from all over the world

    - 6 steam ships a month left England for North America

    - Many mining towns were created eg. Barkerville

    - By the end of the 1861 mining season, $2,600,000 worth of gold had been produced, most of it from the Cariboo region.

    - Barkerville becomes the largest mining town in the Cariboo with about ten thousand residents in 1863-64.

    - 1868 Barkerville burns down in what became known as the Barkerville fire. Gold Rush was dwindling.

    - William Hind documented lots of images from the Cariboo life through his famous paintings

    - Mining towns that were formed offered jobs to people separate from the miners, such as shop owners

  8. 1.) The first gold to be found was in 1859 in Horsefly River.
    2.) The rush did not start until 1861 when gold findings started to be publicized.
    3.) By the end of 1863 over 100 companies had staked out a total of 3000 claims.
    4.) Between 1861-1898 Williams Creek, Conklin and Stouts Gulch produced about $30,000,000 worth of gold.
    5.) To get a free miner’s certificate you had to be over 18 and pay a $5.00 fee to the Provincial Government.
    6.) A placer or miner’s pick was the tool of choice for these gold miners.
    7.) Roughly 30,000 Americans came up for the gold early in the rush.
    8.) The population of this gold rush was prominently British and Canadian.
    9.) There were steamships leaving from England to Canada six times per month.
    10.) The journey from England to Victoria, British Columbia would take up to 5 months.

  9. The Cariboo Wagon Rod was 642 km long. It went from Yale to Barkerville. It was built by hand.

  10. -First discovery was in 1859 at Horsefly River
    -Keithly Creek and Antler River struck gold in 1860
    -First wave of people was American, but the majority afterwards was Canadian people
    - Mined from 1864 - 1930
    -Billy Barker had the most famous claim
    -Barker spent all of the money gambling and loaning it to friends
    -Cariboo Road stretched Lillooet to Williams Lake
    -Before the Cariboo Road was the "Mule Road". Only wide enough for one mule at a time.
    -The road cost $1,250,000 at that time, and would cost almost $32,000,000 if build today.
    -"I'm English Bill,
    Never worked and never will,
    Get away girls,
    Or I'll tousle your curls!"
    -Billy Barker

  11. * First gold discovery in 1859 at Horsefly River
    * Land occupied by Chilcotin First Nations
    *William Barker arrived in Victoria 1858
    * Several stage companies ran from Barkerville the most famous and longest established by F.J Barnard
    *Sept.16/1868 Barkerville was engulfed in a fire
    *It took 6 weeks to rebuild 90% of the buildings
    *William Dietz was one of the first to find gold
    *1880 a schoolhouse was built to accommodate the growing population of Barkerville
    *1895 Hydraulic mining became widely used
    *1930's led to Barkerville being overshadowed by the new mining town of Wells.

  12. 1) The Cariboo Gold Rush was the most famous of the gold rushes in B.C.
    2) The people went to "get rich quick"
    3)Most of the miners didn't get rich and many didn't make it home.
    4) The first discovery of gold was in 1859 at Horsefly River
    5) Barkerville's deep placers and rich hillside deposits were mined from 1864-the 1930's
    6) Barkerville is named after Billy Barker and his successful claim.
    7) Production in the Cariboo approximated $50 million, about one-half the BC total since 1858.
    8) By the end of summer, there were 10,000 miners working the Fraser River
    9)People came from all sorts of places in the world to come to try and mine
    10) Most of the miners were american.

  13. - Governor James Douglas decided to have the road built to the Cariboo
    -lots of road builders signed contracts to build a section of the Cariboo Wagon Road
    -Gold rush boomed in 1862 in the Cariboo District
    -miners had to go to Victoria to get a valid "mining license" which permitted them to prospect for gold
    -a miner was said to make at least $40 a day in 1860 in Antler creek
    -Barkerville was created in 1862 and was named after Billy Barker
    -Barkerville became the largest mining town to be built in the Cariboo
    -lots of different methodsand equipment were used to mine the gold (such as panning, cradles, flumes, shafts, and tunnels)
    -Peter Dunlevey discovered big lumps of gold at the Little Horsefly Creek in 1859 and started the Cariboo Gold Rush
    -Michael Brown was one of the first prospectors to find gold at William's Creek

  14. Cariboo Gold Rush Colleen Imbeau

    Barkerville was the most famous town during the gold rush
    It is the reason for the creation of the colony of British Columbia
    Many of the people who came for the gold rush stayed as permanent settlers
    Miners went to Victoria to get their miners license before they started
    Within two months the population grew to over 20,000
    Men had to live on unsafe crowded ships to get to Victoria
    They carried more then 70 pounds on their backs to get to the gold rush
    Billy Barker and his seven partners were called foolish because they went down stream, they struck gold worth $1,000
    Cariboo wagon road introduced an easier travel to the gold rush
    The gold rush was in downfall by the 1880’s
    Placers are the name used for deposits of valuable minerals such as gold

  15. - The Cariboo Gold Rush was a gold rush in what would become the Canadian Province of British Columbia.

    - Rush started in 1860

    - Gold was originally discovered in 1859

    - Many important northern BC towns developed during the gold rush, such as Quesnellemouthe (which was shortend to Quesnel) and Barkerville .

    - International publicity drew thousands of miners to northern BC.

    - Cariboo gold field boom led to the construction of the Cariboo Wagon Road

    - Cariboo Road was constructed by the royal engineers to transport miners to Barkerville

    - The road was a giant financial burden on the young colony and led to the BC going into debt.

    - 30 mile house, 100 mile house and Clinton are all towns that have origins on the Cariboo road.

    - By 1920 barkerville was almost a ghost town.

  16. Gold rush began 1861
    The rush was in full swing by 1865
    There was more Canadians then americans
    James Douglas decided to build Cariboo road
    Trying to get placer gold
    The gold fields were 400 miles North and East of Yale
    Very hard to build a road to the gold rush
    The roads and trails were very dangerous
    The most difficulties were getting to the gold
    First gold discovered in horse fly river

  17. Halle

    -The Cariboo Gold Rush is the most famous gold rush in B.C.
    -It started in 1861
    -Most miners were American
    -Miners travelled by land and sea
    -Governor James Douglas decided to have a road built to the Cariboo in order to transport supplies easier
    -The road took 4 years to build
    -Fifty million dollars in gold was mined
    -By the end of the summer most of the gold had been mined
    -Many people came, attempting to get rich quick
    -It was the second gold rush in North America

  18. These look really good, folks. We have a nice mix of facts about the political/economic situation, the mechanics of the gold mining, and the people involved. I was pleased with how focused your work was; you achieved the task in little time.

  19. · The Cariboo Road started in 1860 and was started by James Douglas
    · The first discovery of gold in the Fraser was in 1860 but the actual gold rush started in 1861
    · There were many houses that would be for travellers that reached all the way to 100 mile
    · 30,000 men would sail all the way from California to get only to Victoria then they would have to take another boat to Yale.
    · Victoria was such a small place that within weeks it was over flowing with miners searching for their treasure
    · On the Cariboo Road there was a wagon that could take you to where you wanted but for most people they could not afford it and had to walk
    · Living conditions for the miners were pretty bad, usually miners would sleep in tents but when it started to rain almost everyone would prefer a log cabin but even those were pretty bad
    · The government thought that the gold rush would help pay off their debt but the rush didn’t last long enough for it to help
    · The Cariboo Gold Rush started on the Fraser river then moved through Barkerville, Richfield, Camerontown and Van Winkle

  20. Cariboo Gold Rush bullet points

    · A Gold Rush in the colony of BC
    · The first gold discoveries were at Horsefly River, Keithley Creek, and Antler Creek
    · The Gold Rush began in 1861
    · The most famous town during the gold rush was Barkerville. It is now a tourist attraction.
    · Some people thought the Cariboo gold rush was a reason for the creation of the colony of BC
    · The Cariboo wagon road improved transportation and there weren’t as many accidents where horses fell off the mountain sides etc.
    · Deep placers and rich hillside deposits in Barkerville were worked from 1864-1930’s
    · The Cariboo Gold Rush was the most famous gold rush in BC
    · The Cariboo gold rush began in 1859
    It was in decline by the 1880’s and there wasn’t as much gold left to mine

  21. Cariboo Gold Rush Bullet Points

    -The first gold from the Cariboo Gold Rush was found in 1859 at Horsefly River
    -Some people considered the Cariboo Road to be the 'eighth wonder of the world' as it improved travel to gold rush towns so immensly
    -People were sometimes unprepared for the travel and other aspects of the mining life
    -It took less than a year for all the claims in one of the areas that gold was first struck to be staked out
    -William's lake, Conklin and Stout's gulch produced about $30 000 000 between 1861 and 1898
    -A system of law and order was created to protect the people arriving only for the gold rush
    -The population of the Cariboo Gold Rush was mostly British Columbians and Canadians
    -The largest and most important town during the gold rush was Barkerville
    -The government used the Cariboo road to 'bring governmental authority' to the goldfields
    -The cost of colonization and the Cariboo Road caused the colony to go into bankruptcy which contributed to Confederation